The IMO and EU member states are working on comparable legislation, however, without agreement on this expected global policy, the EU decided to move forward anyway. Since June 2013, the European Commission started integrating maritime emissions into the EU’s policy of reducing its GHG emissions.
The approach consists of three progressive steps:
1. Enforce monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV) of GHG emissions from large ships (>5.000 DWT) using EU ports;
2. Set GHG reduction targets for the maritime industry;
3. Implement additional (market-based) measures, in the medium to long term. In April 2015, the EU adopted legislation to implement the first step, commanding MRV reporting as of 2018:
- From 31-12-2017, all ships exceeding 5.000DWT and visiting EU ports are obligated to report on emissions.
- On 31-08-2017, all ships should have an Energy Efficiency Plan.
At this point there is no insight in implementation period and exact overlap between future, IMO led, global legislation and current EU law.
- For ship owners, it will become challenging to know all legislative differences and overlap.
- For ship owners, it will be nearly impossible to split reporting EU MRV requires very detailed reporting requirements:
- Reporting (must/should) be broken into voyages or parts thereof, as only emissions within EU waters requires reporting;
- Within fleets, there is an enormous diversity in bridge systems, engine room systems, and available sensors. All needed to meet the legislative requirements.
- Verification is done by 3rd parties, based on internal and external data sources, to ensure correct and adequate reporting towards the authorities. SeaWise enables cost-effective verification.
- All becomes extra challenging when taking into account that current data collection often is inconsistent, patchy, and sometimes unreliable.